It was prophesied that the Jews would be scattered as a nation This began in 70 AD with the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple.
Deut 28:64 Then the LORD will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods–gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your fathers have known.
Lev 26:33 will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins.